Acropolis

On a hill to the north of the Turan Railway Station, there are some remnants of the acropolis of Izmir, which belongs to the first half of the 10th century B.C. Ruins of a large building can be seen there today. This building is square in shape, and is divided into two equal parts by a high wall in the middle The western part contains several sections, the other is a single block. Formerly each had a tower of its own. In the northern part of the building there is a depression which is likely to have been a cistern.


The buildings around the center of the acropolis used to be allocated to temporary services. The city walls of the acropolis were so built and the gates were so arranged that the enemy had no choice but attack through the right side which was left open. In the meantime the enemy was counterattacked from towers on both sides. Even if the outer walls were captured, the attack of the enemy had to be carried on in the same way in order to capture the other walls in their turn.
It is possible to go up to the acropolis by climbing up the mountain.


The Altar: There is an artifical platform of rock in the southwest of the acropolis. A stairway of seven steps carved in the rocks leads to the altar from the north. Though the place might have been a place of observation or a grave, it is strongly believed that it was an altar.
 

The Tomb of Tantalus : At the foot of the acropolis there is a circular tomb with a conical top built of stones. In the center there is a square room. Pausanias mentions the place as the tomb of Tantalus who was the king of Izmir in the 12th century B.C.

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