The Izmir Archaeological Museum was opened on February 15, 1927 in the present exhibition building which is on Gaziler Street. The museum whose contents were poor in the beginning, was enriched later with works unearthed in various excavations. The increase of works carried to the museum from different places made removal to a new building necessary and thus some of the characteristic and important works in the museum were taken to a building in the Kulturpark, where they were classified according to the districts where there were found, and were opened to the public on August 20, 1951 In the museum there is a collection of Hittite civilization which began in the 11th century B.C. and includes the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods.
In the Aegean district, works belonging to the Classical period of Greece are rather few. Due to the fact that some of the cities were under Persian rule after the battles of Marathon and Salami's were fought in the 5th. century B.C. and that people in those cities were tired of wars and could not produce works, there are very few works in Anatolia belonging to the Classical period. For this reason the museum has only a few works belonging to these ages
Those who revived the East were Alexander the Great and his successors. In their times, new cities were built and so the periods of Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine art began. In the museum there are many works belonging to these periods.
The present museum houses some choice and original works from the Izmir, Bergama, Bayrakli, Sart, Denizli, Ephesus, Mugla, Aydm and Milet areas. Among the exhibits, there is a collection of rare Archaic works and also there are such specimens as oil lamps, pots, pans and coins from different old centers. The exhibition of these patterns gives a general idea to visitors. Works found in recent excavations at Bayrakli are plentiful. Other works unearthed at Helvacikoy, Hoyucek, Milas-Labranda, Aydin-Hizmkale, and statues found at Klaros near Izmir are exhibited here.
Outside the museum, there are some Ionic, Doric and Corinthian capitals and some tombstones.
Explanations about the works exhibited in the museum are written on panels in English, French and Turkish.