Towards the end of the 1930s, the Jewish populations of Pera and Galata had increased so much that the need for a new synagogue became vital. As such, the Neve Shalom Synagogue was constructed under the architectural leadership of Elyo Ventura and Berna Motola, and on 25 March 1951, the Synagogue officially opened to the public.
Neve Shalom is one of the largest and most beautiful synagogues of Istanbul. Its colored windows were designed by the Academy of Art and imported from England, while the wooden structures located inside were built using the highest quality local wood.
The synagogue is known for having suffered three terrorist attacks, the first led by Abu Nidal in 1986 of which resulted in the deaths of twenty-two Jews. Today, the synagogue is the preferred location for weddings, Bar Mitzvah, and many other religious celebrations.